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Key Issues Missile Defense Issues Joint Canadian and Russian Statement

Joint Statement of the Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in the Sphere of Strategic Stability

The following is an excerpt from a joint statement issued by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien of Canada and President Vladimir Putin of Russia during President Putin's visit to Canada in December 2000.
The Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the Russian Federation confirm their

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commitment to strengthening strategic stability and international security as one of today's most important priorities.

In this regard, Canada takes note of the Statement of the President of the Russian Federation on nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and strategic stability of November 13, 2000. Canada and the Russian Federation agree that the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty is a cornerstone of strategic stability and an important foundation for international efforts on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The two countries hope for the earliest entry into force and full implementation of the START II Treaty. They also hope for conclusion of a START III Treaty as soon as possible, including far-reaching reductions in strategic offensive weapons while preserving and strengthening the ABM Treaty.

The Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the Russian Federation are committed to exploring concrete new bilateral and multilateral approaches to limiting the proliferation of missiles and missile technologies. In this context, Canada and the Russian Federation will continue together with other countries to work on proposals for confidence-building measures and normative instruments developed by the member-states of the Missile Technology Control Regime as well as the Russian proposal for a global control system over non-proliferation of missiles and missile technologies.

In the interests of strengthening global strategic stability and the non-proliferation regime, Canada and the Russian Federation will continue close cooperation on preventing an arms race in outer space, including interaction in the preparation and holding in Moscow in the spring of 2001 of an international conference on the non-weaponization of outer-space, as well as efforts at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva to re-establish an appropriate Ad Hoc Committee. A round table of experts of the two countries will be held in January 2001 in order to compare the views of both sides in this sphere.

Canada and the Russian Federation welcome the successful outcome of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference earlier this year, confirm their full support for its Final Document and pledge maximum efforts to carry out its commitments for concrete action at an early date. In this regard, they will work resolutely for the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, and will strengthen their efforts to re-initiate negotiations at the Conference on Disarmament on a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty.

Canada and the Russian Federation are also ready to widen discussions, particularly within the framework of the IAEA, on the issues associated with the initiative of the Russian President on the energy requirements of sustainable development, global ecological revitalization and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

Canada and the Russian Federation reaffirm their shared commitment to the non-proliferation and elimination of weapons of mass destruction and reaffirm their full support for export control arrangements aimed at achieving these goals. They agree on the need to move quickly towards the implementation of the Russian Federation/USA agreement on plutonium dispositioning. In this regard they stress the importance of ongoing work to achieve the goal set by the G8 to develop, by the time of the Genoa Summit of the G8, an international financing plan for plutonium management and disposition based on a detailed project plan and a multilateral framework to coordinate this cooperation. Canada and the Russian Federation reaffirm the commitment made at the 1996 Moscow Summit to safety first in the use of nuclear power and achievement of high safety standards world wide, as well as their commitment to the Nuclear Safety Convention.