2005 Space Preservation Act

HR 2420

Title: To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by prohibiting the basing of weapons in space and the use of weapons to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit, and for other purposes.

Sponsor: Rep Kucinich, Dennis J. [OH-10] (introduced 5/18/2005)      Cosponsors (34)

Latest Major Action: 5/18/2005 Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the Committee on Science, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services, and International Relations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.

COSPONSORS(34), ALPHABETICAL [followed by Cosponsors withdrawn]:     (Sort: by date)

      Rep Abercrombie, Neil [HI-1] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Baldwin, Tammy [WI-2] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Brown, Sherrod [OH-13] - 5/26/2005
      Rep Conyers, John, Jr. [MI-14] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Davis, Danny K. [IL-7] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Fattah, Chaka [PA-2] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Filner, Bob [CA-51] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Frank, Barney [MA-4] - 5/26/2005
      Rep Grijalva, Raul M. [AZ-7] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Hinchey, Maurice D. [NY-22] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Holt, Rush D. [NJ-12] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Honda, Michael M. [CA-15] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Jackson, Jesse L., Jr. [IL-2] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Lee, Barbara [CA-9] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Maloney, Carolyn B. [NY-14] - 5/26/2005
      Rep McDermott, Jim [WA-7] - 5/18/2005
      Rep McGovern, James P. [MA-3] - 5/18/2005
      Rep McKinney, Cynthia A. [GA-4] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Meeks, Gregory W. [NY-6] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Michaud, Michael H. [ME-2] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Miller, George [CA-7] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Moore, Gwen [WI-4] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Nadler, Jerrold [NY-8] - 5/26/2005
      Rep Owens, Major R. [NY-11] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Rahall, Nick J., II [WV-3] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Sanders, Bernard [VT] - 5/26/2005
      Rep Serrano, Jose E. [NY-16] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Stark, Fortney Pete [CA-13] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Tierney, John F. [MA-6] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Towns, Edolphus [NY-10] - 5/26/2005
      Rep Velazquez, Nydia M. [NY-12] - 5/26/2005
      Rep Waters, Maxine [CA-35] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Watson, Diane E. [CA-33] - 5/18/2005
      Rep Woolsey, Lynn C. [CA-6] - 5/18/2005

REP. DENNIS KUCINICH:
STOP THE WEAPONIZATION OF SPACE
-- (House of Representatives - May 19, 2005)

[Page: H3586]  GPO's PDF CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
 

   (Mr. KUCINICH asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.)

   Mr. KUCINICH. Mr. Speaker, the administration, through senior Air Force officials, wants the U.S. to achieve military supremacy in outer space. Dominating all earth from outer space will have an out-of-world price tag, perhaps more than $1 trillion.

   A question: Why reach for the stars with guns in our hands? Are there weapons of mass destruction on Mars?

   Yesterday 28 Members of Congress signed on to H.R. 2420, a bill to stop the weaponization of space, urging the President to sign an international treaty to ban such weapons. If we work together towards creating peace on earth, we would not bring war to the high heavens.

   While some fantasize about being ``masters of the universe,'' there are 45 million Americans without health insurance. Corporations are reneging on pension obligations. Social Security is under attack. We are headed towards a $400 billion annual budget deficit, a $600 billion trade deficit, an $8 trillion national debt. The cost of the war in Iraq is over $200 billion. While we build new bases in Iraq, we close them in the United States.

   Earth to Washington, D.C. Earth to Washington, D.C. D.C., call home.

TEXT OF Space Preservation Act of 2005 (Introduced in House)

HR 2420 IH

109th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2420

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by prohibiting the basing of weapons in space and the use of weapons to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 18, 2005

Mr. KUCINICH (for himself, Mr. ABERCROMBIE, Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California, Mr. TIERNEY, Mr. HOLT, Mr. FATTAH, Ms. WOOLSEY, Mr. MICHAUD, Mr. RAHALL, Mr. SERRANO, Ms. LEE, Ms. MOORE of Wisconsin, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. HINCHEY, Ms. MCKINNEY, Mr. DAVIS of Illinois, Mr. STARK, Mr. OWENS, Mr. HONDA, Ms. WATERS, Mr. MCGOVERN, Mr. JACKSON of Illinois, Ms. WATSON, Mr. FILNER, Ms. BALDWIN, Mr. GRIJALVA, Mr. MEEKS of New York, and Mr. MCDERMOTT) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services and International Relations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by prohibiting the basing of weapons in space and the use of weapons to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit, and for other purposes.

      Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

      This Act may be cited as the `Space Preservation Act of 2005'.

SEC. 2. REAFFIRMATION OF POLICY ON THE PRESERVATION OF PEACE IN SPACE.

      Congress reaffirms the policy expressed in section 102(a) of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451(a)), stating that it `is the policy of the United States that activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind.'.

SEC. 3. BAN ON BASING OF WEAPONS IN SPACE AND THE USE OF WEAPONS AGAINST OBJECTS IN SPACE IN ORBIT.

      The President shall--

            (1) implement a ban on space-based weapons of the United States and the use of weapons of the United States to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit; and

            (2) immediately order the termination of research and development, testing, manufacturing, production, and deployment of all space-based weapons of the United States.

SEC. 4. INTERNATIONAL TREATY BANNING SPACE-BASED WEAPONS AND THE USE OF WEAPONS AGAINST OBJECTS IN SPACE IN ORBIT.

      The President shall direct the United States representatives to the United Nations and other international organizations to immediately work toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing an international treaty banning space-based weapons and the use of weapons to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit.

SEC. 5. REPORT.

      The President shall submit to Congress not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, a report on--

            (1) the implementation of the ban on space-based weapons and the use of weapons to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit required by section 3; and

            (2) progress toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing the treaty described in section 4.

SEC. 6. SPACE-BASED NONWEAPONS ACTIVITIES.

      Nothing in this Act may be construed as prohibiting the use of funds for--

            (1) space exploration;

            (2) space research and development;

            (3) testing, manufacturing, or production that is not related to space-based weapons or systems; or

            (4) civil, commercial, or defense activities (including communications, navigation, surveillance, reconnaissance, early warning, or remote sensing) that are not related to space-based weapons or systems.

SEC. 7. DEFINITIONS.

      In this Act:

            (1) The term `space' means all space extending upward from an altitude greater than 110 kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such space.

            (2) The terms `space-based weapon' and `space-based system' mean a device capable of damaging or destroying an object or person (whether in outer space, in the atmosphere, or on Earth) by--

                  (A) firing one or more projectiles to collide with that object or person;

                  (B) detonating one or more explosive devices in close proximity to that object or person; or

                  (C) any other undeveloped means

 

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