The Central Intelligence Agency estimates that North Korea has successfully created a nuclear weapon.
President Bill Clinton and President Boris Yeltsin announce that by the end of May, no country will be targeted by missiles of the United States or Russia. A declaration signed by the two presidents states, "For the first time since the earliest days of the Nuclear Age, the two countries will no longer operate nuclear forces, day-to-day, in a manner that presumes they are enemies."
Click here for "White House Statement on Mutual Detargeting, Jan 14, 1994"
President Bill Clinton, President Boris Yeltsin, and Ukrainian President Leonid M. Kravchuk sign the Trilateral Agreement whereby Ukraine agrees to transfer all its inherited Soviet nuclear missiles to Russia in exchange for economic assistance, fuel for its five nuclear plants from Russia, and help in dismantling missile silos.
Kazakhstan accedes to the Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear weapons state. [see July 1, 1968]
North Korea narrowly avoids United Nations Security Council sanctions by allowing inspection of all seven of its declared nuclear sites to the International Atomic Energy Agency.
President Bill Clinton extends the American nuclear testing moratorium through September 1995.
North Korea again refuses a request by the International Atomic Energy Agency to inspect a plutonium reprocessing plant in Yongbyon.
South African President F. W. De Klerk declares in a special joint session of the South African parliament that "at one stage South Africa did develop a limited nuclear deterrent capability," but "early in 1990 final effect was given to decisions that all the nuclear devices should be dismantled and destroyed."
German officials seize 0.19 ounces of nearly pure weapons-grade plutonium-239 in the Stuttgart garage of a German businessman.
North Korea is caught removing spent fuel from a nuclear test reactor without the presence of international inspectors. Such spent fuel can be reprocessed to develop a nuclear weapon.
India test fires its Prithvi medium-range missile.
North Korea withdrawals from the International Atomic Energy Agency, but not its safeguard agreements.
North Korean officials meets with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Carter establishes groundwork for talks to begin between the United States and North Korea.
June 21 - 24
Vice President Al Gore and Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin sign an agreement to phase out the production of plutonium in Russian nuclear reactors.
North Korean President Kim Il Sung dies. He is immediately replaced by his son, Kim Jong Il.
A major agreement is signed between the United States and North Korea. The agreement has several criteria, including:
- North Korea will eliminate its nuclear weapons program over three phases;
- The United States will normalize diplomatic relations with North Korea; and
- The United States will provide light-water reactors (which are proliferation resistant) in exchange for North Korea’s graphite reactors (which are prone to weapon proliferation).
The Russian-Chinese agreement on detargeting goes into effect.
The Convention on Nuclear Safety is signed.
The United States and North Korea adopt the "Agreed Framework" previously established in August.
American officials announce that they brought more than half a ton of highly enriched uranium from Kazakhstan to the U.S. in an operation called Project Sapphire. The nuclear material, enough to make 50 nuclear weapons, was considered not to be secure from terrorists in Kazakhstan.
The International Atomic Energy Agency confirms that all construction on North Korea's nuclear program has halted as per the agreement between North Korea and the United States.
Six pounds of weapons-grade uranium, believed to have been smuggled out of Russia, are seized by police in Prague, Czech Republic.
The United Nations General Assembly votes to request an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons. The General Assembly asks, "Is the threat or use of nuclear weapons in any circumstances permitted under international law?"
Mordechai Vanunu spends his 3000th day in solitary confinement in Israeli prison for publicly exposing his government’s secret development of nuclear weapons.